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جمعه 12 شهریور 1395 :: نویسنده :

                                          کوله پشتی

     با آغاز فصل مدرسه توصیه درباره انتخاب کوله پشتی و کیف مدرسه مناسب برای محصلین ضرورت پیدا می کند. بر اساس آمار منتشره توسط  APA ( انجمن فیزیوتراپی استرالیا ) 61% دانش آموزان 12 تا 17 ساله روزانه وزنی بیش از حد مجاز را بر دوش می کشند. اضافه وزن و حمل نادرست کوله پشتی باعث فشارهای مزمن شده و ممکن است درد در نواحی شانه، گردن و کمر را در پی داشته باشد. فشار بر ستون فقرات باعث خم شدن بیش از حد به سمت جلو و ایجاد اعوجاج در انحنای طبیعی ستون فقرات کودک، و rounded shoulder می شود.

· بار کوله پشتی را نزدیک به ستون فقرات قرار دهید. سنگین ترین بار را در کوله در سمت نزدیک به پشت کودک قرار دهید.

· کودکان باید همواره از هر دو بند کوله پشتی استفاده نمایند.

· وزن کوله پشتی باید کمتر از 10 درصد وزن کودک باشد.

· کودکان باید به سازماندهی آنچه در طول روز نیاز دارند و حذف موارد غیر ضروری توجه داشته باشند.

· کودکان را تشویق به فعالیت نمایید. پیاده رفتن آنها به مدرسه منافع زیادی برای آنها، شما و جامعه دارد.

اگر والدین متوجه اشکالی در شکل استقرار کودک خویش یا وضعیت کمر وی شدند، باید با یک فیزیوتراپیست مشورت نمایند.

                          کوله پشتی    

        نکاتی در انتخاب یک کوله پشتی:

1-      بندهای کوله بهتر است پهن باشند طوری که براحتی روی شانه قرار گیرند.

2-      دارا بودن بند برای دور کمر و قفسه سینه برای انتقال بخشی از بار بر باسن و لگن

3-      داشتن یک ساپورت حجیم و توپر در قسمت پشت کوله به نحوی که بخوبی بر پشت کودک بنشیند.

4-      انتخاب یک کوله متناسب با اندازه کودک :  هنگامیکه وی در حالت نشسته است نباید ارتفاع کوله از شانه های وی بالاتر باشد.

5-      به دنبال کوله هایی باشید که تاییدیه از سازمانهای بهداشت حرفه ای داشته باشند. به عنوان نمونه APA ( انجمن فیزیوتراپی استرالیا ) کوله پشتی Spartan Physiopaks را توصیه میکند.





نوع مطلب :
برچسب ها : فیزیوتراپی، کوله پشتی، انحراف ستون فقرات، مدرسه و کوله پشتی،
لینک های مرتبط :




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